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Historical People and Events for November
by John T. Marck

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Learn all about the Famous People and Events in November!

November 1

Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel paintings were first exhibited, 1512

A "Stamp Act" riot occurred in New York City, 1765

The United States Weather Bureau began its operation, 1870

The first state to restrict black suffrage was Mississippi, which adopted a new constitution that in effect, disenfranchised most of the black population by requiring the ability to read and understand the U.S. Constitution, 1890

The new 950-foot Rainbow Bridge opened to traffic across the Niagara River, just below the falls. In January 1938, an ice jam destroyed the old bridge, 1941

Harvey, a play by Mary Coyle Chase, about a six-foot rabbit invisible to all except Elwood P. Dowd, opened at the Forty-Eighth Street Theatre in New York City, 1944

First Lady Mamie Eisenhower died at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 1979

November 2

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, was born in Vienna, Austria, the daughter of Maria Theresa and Francis I, 1755.

General George Washington issued his "Farewell Address to the Army," 1783

President James K. Polk was born in Mecklenburg, North Carolina, 1795

President Warren G. Harding was born in Bloomington Grove (Corsica), Ohio, 1865

North & South Dakota were admitted into the Union, 1889 (39 & 40)

The American Birth Control League was founded in New York City by Margaret Sanger. It combined the National Birth Control League which she had founded in 1914, with the Voluntary Parenthood League, that was founded in 1919 by Mary Ware Dennett, 1921

The first execution of a woman in 22 years, Margie Velma Barfield, age 52, who was convicted of murder, was put to death in North Carolina, 1984

November 3

Reverend John Eliot became the first Protestant minister in America to dedicate himself to the religious conversion of Indians. He arrived at Boston from England, and settled at Roxbury, which today is a part of Boston. He began preaching to the Indians in 1646, and came to be known as the apostle of the Indians, 1631

The Continental Army was disbanded, 1783

The artificial leg was patented, 1846

The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty was negotiated, which gave the U.S. full control of a ten-mile-wide canal zone in Panama, in return for $10 million in gold plus a yearly payment of $250,000, 1903

The Bank of Italy became the Bank of America, 1930

The Soviet Union launched the spacecraft, Sputnik Two, 1957

November 4

A severe heresy law was enacted in Massachusetts that made death the punishment for any person who persisted in denying that the Holy Scriptures were the word of God, "or not to be attended to by illuminated Christians," 1646

The first cash register patented, 1880

News anchorman Walter Cronkite's birthday, born 1916

The entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered, 1922

63 Americans were taken hostage by Iran, 1979

November 5

"Guy Fawkes Day" was celebrated in New York, per a law that ordered that all ministers must preach a sermon on this date in commemoration of the discovery of the plot to blow up the English House of Lords in 1605, 1665

John Hanson was elected the "President of the United States in Congress Assembled," 1781

The American Society of Engineers was established in New York City, 1853

Women's suffrage was provided for in the constitution of Utah, and became effective January 4, 1896. Utah was the second state to give women the vote, 1895

Armistice Day, November 11, was proclaimed a legal holiday by President Warren G. Harding, 1921

Actress Elke Sommer's birthday, born 1942

The stereo radio was introduced, 1955

This day, The Fantasticks, became the longest-running musical in New York theater history, surpassing the previous record of 2717 performances set by My Fair Lady, 1966

William J. Clinton won re-election to second term as U.S. President, 1996

November 6

Lincoln defeated three candidates for president of the U.S., 1860

Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Confederacy, 1861

Jacob Schick patented the first electric shaver, 1923

The first animated electric sign in the United States was mounted by the New York Times around the top of the Times Building, Times Square, New York City. It was used to report the presidential election returns, and was called the "zipper" because of the way it circled the building, 1928

Actress Sally Field's birthday, born 1946

November 7

The first Baptist Church in America was established at providence, Rhode Island by Roger Williams, who became its first pastor but remained in the church for only a few months, 1638

Union forces captured Port Royal Island on the South Carolina coast, 1861

The Republican Party was symbolized as an elephant in a cartoon drawn by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly. Entitled "Third Term Panic," the cartoon showed Republican concern that President Ulysses S. Grant would be elected to a third term on the Democratic ticket, 1874

The state of Colorado granted its women the right to vote, 1893

A protest parade was held in Chicago whereby 40,000 men demonstrated against the closing of saloons on Sunday, 1915

A suspension bridge over the Narrows at Tacoma, Washington collapsed, caused by wind vibration, tumbling the bridge into Puget Sound, 1941

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt died in New York City, 1962

November 8

The French museum, the "Louvre" was opened to the public, 1793

Mount Holyoke Seminary opened for classes. This was the first college in the United States intended specifically for women, and was founded in 1836 by Mary Lyon, 1837

Sarah Bernhardt, the celebrated French actress, made her American debut at Booth's Theater in New York City, 1880

Montana was admitted to the Union, 1889 (41st)

The first electric lamps were placed in trains on the Chicago and North Western's Overland Limited, which ran from Chicago to California, 1906

Actress Katherine Hepburn's birthday, born 1909

Singer Patti Page's birthday, born 1927

Singer Bonnie Raitt's birthday, born 1949

Charges against the eight Ohio National Guardsmen stemming from the 1970 Kent State tragedy shooting were dropped in federal court, 1974

The first woman governor of Kentucky, Martha Layne Collins, was elected, 1983

The first black mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, W. Wilson Goode, was elected, 1983

November 9

The first ferry route was established by the Massachusetts Court of Assistants in Boston. Every approved ferry operator between Boston and Charlestown on the Charles R. could charge a penny for each passenger and the same amount for each 100 pounds of cargo, 1630

Lincoln attended a play starring John Wilkes Booth, 1863

North Carolina overturned its secession ordinance, prohibited slavery, and elected representatives to the United States Congress, 1865

The first foreign trip by a U.S. president was made by Theodore Roosevelt, who sailed on the battleship Louisiana to visit the Isthmus of Panama and inspect the canal, 1906

Robert White flew the X-15 to a record speed of 4093 mph, 1961

East Germany opened its borders with the West, 1989

November 10

The United States Marines were established by the Continental Congress, 1775

The last Battle of the American Revolutionary War was fought, 1782

The first long distance telephone service without operator assistance occurred, 1951

November 11

First Lady Abigail Adams was born Abigail Smith in Weymouth, Massachusetts, 1744

Washington was admitted into the Union, 1889 (42nd)

The first Congress of the Roman Catholic laity of the United States assembled at Baltimore, Maryland, 1890

World War I ended, 1918 (Armistice Day)

The Unknown Soldier of World War I was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, after lying in state at the Capitol rotunda in Washington, D.C., 1921

Actress Demi Moore's birthday, born 1962

The Prisoner of Second Avenue, a play by Neil Simon starring Peter Falk and Lee Grant opened at the Eugene O'Neill Theater in New York City, 1971

Journal of American Medical Association published an article saying Hydroxicitric Acid (HCA) was not effective. Since then, garcinia reviews have shown positive results.

November 12

First Lady Letitia Tyler was born Letitia Christian in New Kent County, Virginia, 1790

General George McClellan said farewell to the Army of the Potomac, 1862

Ellis Island received its last immigrant, 1954

The court-martial of Lieutenant William L. Calley, Jr., who was a key figure in the massacre of about 102 South Vietnamese civilians at My Lai (Songmy), began at Fort Benning, Georgia, 1970

November 13

The University of Pennsylvania originated as an academy established by 24 citizens of Philadelphia. Their inspiration came from a pamphlet on education written by Benjamin Franklin, and who served as the first president of the school's trustees. In 1753 the proprietors of Pennsylvania gave $15,000 to the academy, and in 1755 it became the College, Academy, and Charitable School of Philadelphia. From this it grew to the University of Pennsylvania, 1749

The Holland Tunnel, the first underwater motor vehicle tunnel in the United States, opened to commercial traffic. The tunnel, which linked Manhattan with New Jersey had two tubes, each large enough to accommodate two lanes of traffic, 1928

The minimum draft age was lowered from 21 to 18, 1942

Artificial snow was first used by skiers, 1946

Hair, described as an "American tribal love-rock musical, " premiered at the Public Theater, off Broadway, by the New York Shakespeare Festival, 1967

Plans for the Alaska oil pipeline, designed to supply 2 million barrels of oil a day, were approved by Congress, 1973

Karen Silkwood was killed in a car crash, 1974

The final installment of L'il Abner, the comic strip created by Al Capp in 1934, marked Capp's retirement, 1977

The Vietnam War Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., 1982

November 14

The first streetcar, a horse-drawn vehicle called the John Mason, went into operation in New York City, 1832

Herman Melville's novel "Moby Dick" was published, 1851

First Lady Mamie Eisenhower was born Mamie Geneva Doud in Boone, Iowa, 1896

November 15

The Articles of Confederation were adopted, 1777

Franklin Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial, 1939

Dr. Alexis Carrel of the Rockefeller Institute announced his discovery of leukocytes, or white corpuscles, which are agents in the blood that prevent the spread of infection, 1923

The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) made its on-air radio debut, 1926

Li'l Abner opened on Broadway, 1956

The retail price of sugar soared to 65 cents a pound; the sixth increase since October 9. On January 1, the price for a pound of sugar was 18 cents, 1975

November 16

General William T. Sherman with a force of about 62,000 men left Atlanta, Georgia in flames and began his "March to the Sea," 1864

Oklahoma was admitted to the Union, 1907 (46th)

Musician-Composer Ray Conniff's birthday, born 1916

The Space Shuttle Columbia completed its first flight,1982

November 17

The Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse, which was one of the earliest revolutionary war military groups established in the colonies was founded by 26 patriots of Philadelphia after a meeting of the First General Continental Congress. This group later became The First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry, 1774

Catherine the Great died, 1796

The Suez Canal opened, 1869

Actor Danny DeVito's birthday, born 1944

Synthetic diamonds were first manufactured, 1959

November 18

A system of standard time was adopted by the railroads of the United States and Canada to eliminate problems in printed schedules caused by the unsystematic setting of local times. In 1884, a worldwide system was adopted. The prime meridian was assigned to the meridian passing through the British Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England, 1883

President Chester A. Arthur died in New York City, 1886

The Hay-Pauncefote Treaty was signed, which abrogated the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850. Under the terms of this new treaty, the British consented to U.S. control of an isthmian canal linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Senate ratified the treaty on December 16, 1901

United States Roman Catholic bishops did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays, 1966

Eldridge Cleaver, a former leader of the Black Panther Party, returned to the United States after seven years in exile to face criminal charges stemming from a shoot-out with Oakland, California police, 1975

November 19

Columbus discovered Puerto Rico, 1493

President James A. Garfield was born in Orange Township, near Cleveland, Ohio, 1831

President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address, on the bloodstained battlefield at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during a ceremony to dedicate the cemetery, 1863

Actress Jodie Foster's birthday, born 1962

November 20

Peregrine White was born aboard the Mayflower in Massachusetts Bay, the first child born of English parents in New England, 1620

The First Seminole War began when settlers attacked Florida Indians and the Indians retaliated by raiding isolated Georgia homesteads. Americans believed that the Spanish had incited the Seminole Indians against the white settlers, 1817

Photograph's on passports were first required, 1914

The Nuremberg Nazi war crimes trial began, 1945

Princess Elizabeth, married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, 1947

Actress Bo Derek's birthday, born 1956

Cabaret, a musical by Joe Masteroff, John Kander, and Fred Edd, based on the play I Am a Camera, by John van Druten, which in turn was based on sketches by Christopher Isherwood, opened at the Broadhurst Theater in New York City, 1966

The Day After, a television drama depicting the effects of a nuclear attack on the U.S., was seen by more than 100,000 viewers, the second-largest television audience to date, 1983

November 21

The Mayflower Compact was signed, 1620

North Carolina entered the Union, 1789 (12th)

Inventor Thomas A. Edison announced the invention of his phonograph, 1877

First Lady Florence Harding died in Marion, Ohio, 1924

Actress Marlo Thomas's birthday, born 1943

The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge between Brooklyn and Staten Island, New York, was formally opened. At 6690 feet, it was the world's longest suspension bridge, 1965

The Who Shot J.R.? Episode of the television evening soap Dallas was seen by more U.S. viewers than any other television program in history. This first show of the new season was watched by more than half the nation, 1980

A hotel fire at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, Nevada, killed 84 people; the second worst hotel fire in U.S. history, 1980

November 22

Comedian Rodney Dangerfield's birthday, born 1921

Actress Jamie Lee Curtis's birthday, born 1958

President John Fitzgerald Kennedy (JKF) was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a motorcade, and pronounced dead at 1 p.m. Governor John Connally of Texas, who accompanied Kennedy was severely wounded, but recovered. Vice-president Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States at 2:39 p.m., on board Air Force One, at Love Air Field in Dallas. That afternoon, Lee Harvey Oswald, a suspect in the assassination was captured by Dallas police, 1963

"Man of La Mancha" opened on Broadway, 1965

A twenty-two-year ban on travel to China was lifted, 1972

November 23

Frederick County, Maryland, renounced the British Stamp Act, 1765

President Franklin Pierce was born in Hillsboro, New Hampshire 1804

A machine to manufacture horseshoes was patented by Henry Burden of Troy, New York, who was a Scottish immigrant. His machine could produce 60 horseshoes a minute, and was widely used for most of the shoes for the horses of the Union cavalry during the Civil war, 1836

The color photograph process was patented, 1863

The first issue of "Life" magazine, created by Henry R. Luce, was published, 1936

November 24

President Zachary Taylor was born at "Montebello," in Orange County, Virginia, 1784

The Texas Rangers, a mounted police force, was authorized by the Texas Provincial Government, 1835

Darwin published his "On the Origin of Species" 1859

United States control of central Luzon in the Philippines occurred when the Filipino president of Congress, secretary of state, and treasurer were taken prisoner. The event was reported to Washington, D.C. by Major General Elwell S. Otis, 1899

President Kennedy's accused assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, was murdered by Jack Ruby in the garage of the Dallas Police Department, as the nation watched the murder of television,1963

Maryland Governor Marvin Mandel was indicted with five associates by a federal grand jury, charged with bribery, mail fraud, income fax fraud and racketeering. The charges stemmed from the investigation that led to Vice President Spiro T. Agnew's resignation, 1975

November 25

During the French and Indian War, British forces drove the French from Fort Duquesne, which the British renamed Pittsburgh, 1758

The British Army evacuates New York City, 1783

A patent was issued for evaporated milk, 1884

Baseball great known as the Yankee Clipper, Joe DiMaggio's birthday, born 1914

The funeral of President John F. Kennedy, was held in Washington, D.C. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery following a mass at St. Matthew's Roman Catholic Church, 1963

November 26

Captain Cook discovered Maui, 1778

Thanksgiving was first celebrated as a national holiday, 1789

The first streetcar in the world was put into operation by the New York & Harlem Railroad in New York City. It was built by John Stephenson, and was named John Mason. It was a horse-drawn car that ran on lower Fourth Avenue, 1833

Singer Robert Goulet's birthday, born 1933

Singer Tina Turner's birthday, born 1938

Numerous priceless art treasures, hidden by the Nazi's during WWII, were found in Austria, 1963

November 27

Land for the first Jewish settlement in America was purchased by Joseph Salvador who bought 100,000 acres near Fort Ninety-Six, South Carolina, 1755

New York's Pennsylvania Station opened, 1910

The first successful Boeing 707 flight occurred, 1962

Pope Paul VI was wounded by an assassin, 1970

November 28

Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean, after passing thru the strait which now bears his name, 1520

The United States 42nd "Rainbow" Division arrived in France, 1917

The first skywriting display occurred, 1922

November 29

The Sand Creek Massacre started, 1864

Horace Greeley died at the age of 61, 1872

The first Army-Navy football game was played at West Point, New York. Navy won 24-0, 1891

Lieutenant Commander Richard Byrd made his first flight over the South Pole, 1929 Coffee rationing started in the United States during WWII, 1942

Bells Are Ringing opened on Broadway, 1956

November 30

The first refugees from the French and Indian War, more than 900 Acadian French deported by British authorities from Nova Scotia, arrived in Maryland. Years later, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow used this exile as the background for his poem, Evangeline, which was published in 1847, 1755

Author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, (A.K.A. Mark Twain), was born in Florida, Missouri, 1835

The Sand Creek Massacre ended, 1864

The United States 42nd "Rainbow" Division, consisting of troops from every state in the Union, arrived in France, 1917

Wireless transmission of photographs from London to New York City was demonstrated by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA). It took about 20-25 minutes for each photograph to be transmitted, 1924

The Russo-Finnish War began when Russian Forces invaded Finland. Although the Finnish forces inflicted massive casualties on the Red Army, the Finns had to sue for peace in March 1940, 1939

The first documented occurrence of a person struck by a meteor occurred, 1952

 

Copyright John T. Marck. All Rights Reserved. This article and their accompanying pictures, photographs, and line art, may not be resold, reprinted, or redistributed for compensation of any kind without prior written permission from the author.


 
 
 

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