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Historical People and Events for July
by John T. Marck

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If you ever wondered what happened in history on a certain day in July, or maybe your birthday or another special occasion, you'll find some of the more important events listed here. An excellent way to learn about famous people and historical events. Makes a nice trivia game too!

Looking for a certain month? See the other months on the site as well!

July 1

The first adhesive postage stamp was offered for sale, 1847

The Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, began, 1863

United States Post Office started 5-digit zip codes, 1963

Medicare federal insurance program went into effect, 1966

July 2

President James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington Railroad Station, 1881

Amelia Earhart and her airplane were lost in Pacific Ocean, 1937

The Civil Rights Act was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964

Author Ernest Hemingway died in Ketchum, Idaho, 1961

July 3

The Battle of Gettysburg ended, with a Union victory,1863

Idaho entered the Union, 1890 (43rd)

First Lady Harriet Johnston died, 1903

Congress created the United States Veterans Administration, 1930

Singer Jim Morrison of the Doors died in Paris at age 27, 1971

July 4

The Declaration of Independence was approved, 1776

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died, 1826

James Monroe died, 1831

Calvin Coolidge was born, 1872

July 5

Naval hero David Farragut was born in Tennessee, 1801

First Lady Mary McElroy was born, 1841

The Salvation Army was founded in London, 1865

The bikini bathing suit made its debut in Paris, France, 1946

July 6

Louis Pasteur successfully tested an anti-rabies vaccine on a boy bitten by an infected dog, 1885

First Lady Nancy Reagan was born, 1921

The first All-Star baseball game was played in Chicago, 1933

During the Revolutionary War, British forces captured Ft. Ticonderoga, 1777

July 7

The United States annexed Hawaii, 1898

The Reader's Digest was founded, 1922

First women were sworn as F.B.I. agents, 1972

July 8

Colonel John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia, 1776

First Lady Grace Coolidge died, 1957,

Florentz Ziegfeld staged his first "Follies," on the roof of the New York Theatre, 1907

July 9

The Declaration of Independence was read aloud to General George Washington's troops in New York, 1776

President Zachary Taylor died, 1850

Louisiana and South Carolina were re-admitted to the Union, 1868

July 10

The US frigate "United States" was launched, 1797

First Lady Julia Tyler died, 1889

Wyoming entered the Union, 1890 (44th)

The Battle of Britain began, 1940

The Bahamas became independent after three hundred years of British colonial rule, 1973

The Beatles UK album, A Hard Day's Night, was released, 1964

July 11

President John Quincy Adams was born, 1767

Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton was mortally wounded by in a pistol duel, by Vice President Aaron Burr 1804

United States Air Force Academy was dedicated at Lowry Air Base, Colorado, 1955

July 12

Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was born, 100 B.C.

First Lady Dolly Madison died, 1849

Congress authorized the Medal of Honor, 1862

George Eastman, was born in Waterville, New York, 1854

July 13

The Northwest Ordinance was issued, 1787

Alabama readmitted to the Union, 1868

July 14

The French Revolution began, 1789

William H. Bonney "Billy the Kid" was shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett, 1881

President Gerald R. Ford was born, 1913

July 15

Dutch painter Rembrandt was born in Leiden, Netherlands, 1606

Georgia readmitted to the Union, 1870

William H. Bonney "Billy the Kid" died at age 21, 1881

The Boeing Company, was founded in Seattle, 1916

July 16

General Ulysses S. Grant was named commander-in-chief of all the Union armies, 1862

First Lady Mary Lincoln died, 1882

The first parking meters were installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma,1935

The first atomic bomb was detonated in New Mexico, 1945

John F. Kennedy, Jr., 38, and his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, 33, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, 34, were killed when the Piper Saratoga Airplane he piloted crashed off the coast of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, 1999

July 17

Spain ceded Florida to the United States, 1821

The British royal family adopted the name, Windsor, 1917

Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California, 1955

"Irma La Douce" opened on Broadway, 1958

July 18

The great fire of Rome began, A.D. 64

Elias Howe invented the sewing machine, 1847

Professional baseball great Ty Cobb hit safety for 4000th time, 1927

The Spanish Civil War began as General Francisco Franco led an uprising of troops based in Spanish North Africa, 1936

July 19

John F. Kennedy was nominated by the Democratic Party for president, 1960

Apollo 11 orbited the moon, 1969

Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle, 1985

Longfellow published "Evangeline," 1847

July 20

Sioux Indian leader Sitting Bull, a fugitive since Little Big Horn, surrendered to federal troops, 1881

The first man (Astronaut Neil Armstrong) to set foot on the moon, 1969

America's Viking I robot spacecraft made the first-ever landing on Mars, 1976

An attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler failed, only wounding him, 1944

The Beatles US album, Something New, was released, 1964

July 21

The First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), Virginia, occurred, 1861

First Lady Frances Cleveland was born, 1864

Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, 1899

July 22

The city of Cleveland was founded by General Moses Cleveland, 1796

Katharine Bates wrote America the Beautiful, 1893

American citizenship was re-granted to Confederate General Robert E. Lee, by President James Carter, 1975

Bank robber John Dillinger was shot and killed by F.B.I. agents outside a Chicago theatre, 1934

The Beatles US album, Introducing The Beatles, was released, 1963

July 23

The Civil War Battle of Atlanta occurred, 1864

President Ulysses S. Grant died, 1885

Puerto Rico voted to remain a United States commonwealth, 1967

The ice cream cone was invented by Charles E. Menches, during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, 1904

July 24

Brigham Young and his followers arrived at the Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1847

President Martin Van Buren died, 1862

Tennessee readmitted to the Union, 1866

July 25

First Lady Anna Harrison was born, 1775

Ulysses S. Grant named General of the Army, 1866

The Central Intelligence Agency was created, 1947

Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the United States, 1952

July 26

Benjamin Franklin became Post-Master General and the Postal Service was established, 1775

New York entered Union, 1788 (11th)

Argentina's first lady, Eva Peron died in Buenos Aires at age 33, 1952

July 27

The Bank of England received a royal charter as a commercial institution, 1694

United States State Department was established, 1789

Bugs Bunny made his cartoon debut, 1940

General George McClellan replaced General McDowell, 1861

July 28

Johann Sebastian Bach died, 1750

First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy was born, 1929

The World War II, fall of Mussolini, 1943

July 29

Queen Victoria restated British neutrality, 1863

Painter Vincent van Gogh died in Auvers, France, 1890

First telephone conversation occurred from New York to San Francisco, 1914

International Atomic Energy Agency was established, 1957

July 30

The City of Baltimore was founded, 1729

First color motion pictures were exhibited, 1928

Former Teamsters Union President Jimmy Hoffa disappeared in suburban Detroit, 1975

Medicare bill signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965

July 31

St. Ignatius of Loyola, died in Rome, 1556

President Andrew Johnson died, 1875

Copyright John T. Marck. All Rights Reserved. This article and their accompanying pictures, photographs, and line art, may not be resold, reprinted, or redistributed for compensation of any kind without prior written permission from the author.

 

 
 
 
 

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