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Historical People and Events for April
by John T. Marck

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Learn what happened in history on that special day in April.

April 1

Nazi Germany began its persecution of Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses, 1933

World War II invasion of Okinawa began, 1945

United States launched its first weather satellite, 1960

General Hospital premiered on ABC-TV, 1963

April 2

Juan Ponce de Leon discovered Florida, 1513

Congress passed the Coinage Act, which authorized the establishment of the United States Mint, 1792

Samuel F.B. Morse, telegraph developer, died in New York, 1872

First Easter egg roll at the White House, 1877

April 3

First Pony Express began its route between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California, 1860

American's Creed accepted, 1918

President Truman signed the Marshall Plan into law, 1948

Jesse James, killed by Robert Ford, a member of his own gang, 1882

April 4

President William Henry Harrison died, 1841

Martin Luther King, Jr., assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, 1968

Henry "Hank" Aaron tied Babe Ruth 's Home Run record of 714, 1974

April 5

American Indian Pocahontas married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia, 1614

Booker T. Washington was born in Franklin County, Virginia, 1856

General Douglas MacArthur died in Washington, D.C., at age 84, 1964

Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes died in Houston at age 72, 1976

April 6

Civil War Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, 1862

Robert Perry & Matthew Hensen became the first men to reach the North Pole, 1909

United States declared war on Germany, 1917

April 7

Lee and Grant discussed terms for surrender, 1865

Henry Ford, died at age 83, 1947

"South Pacific" opened on Broadway, 1949

April 8

Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain, 1513

First Lady Betty Ford born, 1918

Baseball's Henry "Hank" Aaron hit his 715 home run against the Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record, 1974

Frank Robinson, major league baseball's first black manager, managed his first game for the Cleveland Indians, 1975

Julian Lennon, the son of John Lennon, was born in Liverpool, England, 1963

April 9

Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, 1865

The American Civil War ended in the East, 1865

Sir Winston Churchill was made an honorary United States citizen, 1963

April 10

The first patent law was passed, 1790

F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Great Gatsby " was published, 1925

Golda Meir resigned as Israel's prime minister, 1974

Stuart Sutcliffe, one of the original members of what would be the music group "The Beatles," died of a brain hemorrhage, 1962

The Beatles US album, The Beatles Second Album, was released, 1964

April 11

Congress proclaimed the end of the Revolutionary War, 1783

Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated as emperor of France, and was banished to the island of Elba, 1814

Jackie Robinson, entered Major League Baseball,1947

Apollo 13 mission began, 1970

April 12

England adopted original Union Jack as its flag, 1606

The bombing of Fort Sumter began, starting the Civil War, 1861

The catcher's mask was first used in a baseball game, 1877

President Franklin D. Roosevelt died, 1945

April 13

President Thomas Jefferson was born, 1743

Pennsylvania Railroad received its charter, 1847

Fort Sumter surrendered, 1861

President Roosevelt dedicated the Jefferson Memorial, 1943

The Beatles began their seven week engagement at the Star Club in Hamburg, Germany, 1962

April 14

Composer George Frideric Handel died in London, 1759

President Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth, at Ford's Theatre, Washington, D.C., 1865, while watching a performance of Our American Cousin.

First motion picture public showing, 1894

"The Ballad of John and Yoko," was recorded. Although released by the Beatles, it was recorded by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, with the two playing all instruments, and doing all the vocals.

April 15

President Lincoln died at 7:22 a.m., in Washington, D.C., 1865

The Titanic struck and iceberg and sank, 1912

President Roosevelt buried at Hyde Park, New York, 1945

April 16

First Confederate Conscription (draft) Act enacted, 1862

John Wilkes Booth & David Herold arrive at Richhill, Maryland, 1862

A bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia became law, 1862

St. Bernadette, who described seeing visions of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes, died in Nevers, France, 1879

April 17

Benjamin Franklin died, 1790

Yugoslavia surrendered to Germany, 1941

Ford Motor Company unveiled its Mustang automobile, 1964

Apollo 13 astronauts splashed down safely, 1970

April 18

Midnight ride of Paul Revere & William Dawes in Boston, Massachusetts, 1775

San Francisco earthquake & fire, 1906

Paul McCartney of the Beatles, met Jane Asher, the sister of Peter Asher of Peter & Gordon Fame, 1963

April 19

The American Revolutionary War began with the battles of Lexington & Concord, 1775

Spanish-American War began, 1898

First Lady Lucretia Garfield born, 1832

A truck bomb exploded outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Bldg., in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, killing 168 and injuring 500, 1995

April 20

The Territory of Wisconsin was established by Congress, 1836

The State Board of Education, first in United States, was established in Massachusetts, 1837

Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria, 1889

The Eleanor Roosevelt Foundation was created, 1963

April 21

The Toleration Act passed the Maryland Assembly, 1649

The first train crossed the Mississippi River, 1855

Samuel Clemens, (Mark Twain), died in Connecticut, 1910

April 22

The Oklahoma Land Rush began at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims, 1889

U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington, 1993

President Richard M. Nixon died, 1994

April 23

William Shakespeare was born in1564. He died on the same day, 52 years later, in 1616

President James Buchanan born, 1791

Booth & Herold make their way to Port Conway, Virginia, 1862

April 24

Library of Congress was established, 1800

Spain declared war on the United States, 1898

Space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Telescope, 1990

April 25

Peloponnesian War ended, 404 B.C.

The ground was broken for the Suez Canal, 1859

Radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi was born in Bologna, Italy, 1874

Broadcast journalist Edward R. Murrow was born in Pole Creek, N.C., 1908

St. Lawrence Seaway opened, 1959

April 26

Lincoln assassin John Wilkes Booth was killed by Federal troops, near Bowling Green, Va., 1865

The world's worst nuclear accident occurred at the Chernobyl plant in the Soviet Union, 1986

The African nations of Tanganyika & Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania, 1964

April 27

Samuel Morse, inventor of the telegraph was born in Charlestown, Mass., 1791

President Ulysses S. Grant was born, 1822

The nation's first Social Security checks were distributed, 1937

Edward R. Murrow died in Pawling, New York. at age 57, 1965

April 28

President James Monroe was born, 1758

Maryland entered the Union, 1788 (7th)

Benito Mussolini died, 1945

April 29

Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union, 1861

Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were married, 1945

United States forces freed 32,000 at Dachau Concentration Camp, 1945

April 30

The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, 1803

Louisiana entered Union, 1812 (18th)

Adolf Hitler committed suicide along with his wife of one day, Eva Braun, 1945

George Washington took office in New York as the first President of the United States, 1789

Copyright John T. Marck. All Rights Reserved. This article and their accompanying pictures, photographs, and line art, may not be resold, reprinted, or redistributed for compensation of any kind without prior written permission from the author.

 
 
 

 

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